● Preventive cardiology screening ● INR monitoring (Coumadin clinic) ● EKG ● Echocardiography ● Transesophageal echocardiography ● Stress testing with echocardiography – Exercise and pharmacological ● 3D Echocardiography ● Nuclear stress test – Exercise and pharmacological ● Upper & Lower Extremity Arterial Imaging ● Upper & Lower Extremity Venous Imaging with reflux study ● Carotid ultrasound ● Renal ultrasound ● Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening ● Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) Testing ● Holter Monitoring/Event recorder ambulatory cardiac rhythm monitoring ● Tilt table testing
Peripheral Vascular Interventions:
Structural heart interventions:
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm-Abdominal aortic aneurysms often grow slowly and usually without symptoms, making them difficult to detect. See doctor if:
Acute Coronary Syndrome-The signs and symptoms of acute coronary syndrome, which usually begin abruptly, include the following:
Angina-Chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle. Angina is a symptom of coronary artery disease. Angina is typically described as squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness or pain in your chest.
Aortic valve disease-Aortic valve disease is a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chamber of your heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to your body (aorta) doesn’t work properly.
Atrial fibrillation-Some people with atrial fibrillation have no symptoms and are unaware of their condition until it’s discovered during a physical examination. Those who do have atrial fibrillation symptoms may experience signs and symptoms such as:
Cardiomyopathy-In the early stages, people with cardiomyopathy may not have any signs and symptoms. But as the condition advances, signs and symptoms usually appear. Cardiomyopathy signs and symptoms may include:
Coronary Artery Disease-If your coronary arteries narrow, they can’t supply enough oxygen-rich blood to your heart —especially when it’s beating hard, such as during exercise. At first, the decreased blood flow may not cause any coronary artery disease symptoms. As plaque continues to build up in your coronary arteries, you may develop these symptoms:
Carotid Artery Disease-Carotid artery disease occurs when fatty deposits (plaques) clog the blood vessels that deliver blood to your brain and head (carotid arteries). The blockage increases your risk of stroke, a medical emergency that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted or seriously reduced.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)-Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms.
Heart Arrhythmia-Arrhythmias may not cause any signs or symptoms. In fact, your doctor might find you have an arrhythmia before you do, during a routine examination.
Heart Attack-A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked, most often by a build-up of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). The interrupted blood flow can damage or destroy part of the heart muscle.
Heart Failure-Heart failure, sometimes known as congestive heart failure, occurs when your heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease).
Ischemic Cardiomyopathy-Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a condition that occurs when the heart muscle is weakened due to insufficient blood flow to the heart’s muscle. This inhibits the heart’s ability to pump blood and can lead to heart failure.
Mitral Valve Prolapse-Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) occurs when the valve between your heart’s left upper chamber(left atrium) and the left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close properly.
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)-While many people with peripheral artery disease have mild or no symptoms, some peoplehave leg pain when walking (claudication). Symptoms include:
Pulmonary Embolism-Pulmonary embolism is a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs. In most cases, pulmonary embolism is caused by blood clots that travel to the lungs from the legs or, rarely, other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis).
Renovascular Disease-Renovascular disease is a progressive condition that causes narrowing or blockage of the renal arteries or veins. These are the blood vessels that take blood to and from the kidneys. It’s the general term used for three disorders: renal artery occlusion, renal vein thrombosis, and renal atheroembolism.
Stroke-Watch for these signs and symptoms if you think you or someone else may be having a stroke. Note when your signs and symptoms begin, because the length of time they have been present may guide your treatment decisions:
Varicose Veins-Varicose veins may not cause any pain. Signs you may have with varicose veins include:
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